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Contents


Introduction

The Ubuntu distribution is based on Debian.

Read about Ubuntu on the wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubuntu_Linux

News

2005-04-08

Hoary Hedgehog released: http://www.ubuntulinux.org/504Released

2005-04-04

Ubuntu is the number one Open Source distribution, see: http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=current#1

Software

Get your own CD's from Ubuntu: http://shipit.ubuntulinux.org/

The local campus ftp server has CD's, go to: ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/iso-images/ubuntulinux

Try the unofficial CD's on: ftp://ftp.ee.sun.ac.za/UBUNTU/iso

Help

Ubuntu has help forums for almost any topic, see: http://www.ubuntuforums.org/

Read the unofficial online Ubuntu guide: http://www.ubuntuguide.org/
or go to here: ftp://ftp.ee.sun.ac.za/UBUNTU/docs/ubuntu4.10/index.html

For more information about Linux/Open Source on campus go to: http://www.sulug.sun.ac.za

Installation on Campus

Preparing your hard disk

If you are running another operating system and you don't want to erase it, you may need to shrink one of your partitions in order to make room for Linux. You will need approximately 5 GB of free space on your hard disk. In order to shrink your partition we recommend using the System Rescue CD or SysRescCD. This CD has a program on it called QtParted, a Partition Magic clone for Linux, which can shrink many types of filesystems.

  1. Make sure the partition you want to shrink has enough free space to shrink it.
  2. Boot your computer from the SysRescCD (you can usually just insert the CD and reboot with it in).
  3. At the boot: prompt press enter.
  4. Accept the default language and key mapping by pressing enter.
  5. Once you are at a prompt, type run_qtparted to start the partitioning tool.
  6. Partition your system as necessary. Save your changes and reboot.

You don't really need to make a new Linux partition yet, the Linux installer will take care of that. You will instead want to make sure to re-size your Windows NTFS or FAT32 partition.

NOTE:

Shrinking an NTFS partition may take a long time and may seem like it's hung. It always does this. Do not power down your machine while shrinking a partition! This can be very hazardous to your data.

Install CD

Use the install CD and follow the reccomended partition scheme below. You select manual partitioning on installation.

Table: Partitions

Mount point Approx. size Name Type Description
/ 3-5 GB root ext3 This is the top of the filesystem tree.
swap 256+ MB swap swap This is where Linux puts data as RAM fills up. This should be roughly the size of your RAM, or a little more.
/home 1+ GB home ext3 Putting /home on a separate partition makes for easy backup and if you reinstall, your settings are saved.

This is optional, if you don't make it a separate partition it will go in the root. It can be as large as you like.


Ubuntu Repositories/Sources on Campus

Start the synaptic package manager after installation and setup your repostories as follows;

  1. Click Computer → System Configuration → Synaptic Package Manager.
  2. Click Settings → Repositories.
  3. Edit the first entry and change to archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com but leave everything else around it intact.
  4. Also edit the sections entry to read: main restricted universe multiverse. This allows you to have access to all the packages available, not just the ones that are officially supported by Ubuntu.
  5. Select Reload to update package metadata. Click Mark All Upgrades, click Smart Upgrade, then finally Apply.
#Ubuntu sources

## Warty ##

deb ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com warty main restricted universe multiverse

deb ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com warty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com warty-security main restricted universe multiverse

## Hoary ##

deb ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com hoary main restricted universe multiverse

deb ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com hoary-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb ftp://archive.sun.ac.za/mirrorsites/ubuntu.com hoary-security main restricted universe multiverse

# Sinetkey to open your varsity firewall key. "man sinetkey" after install.

deb http://www.cs.sun.ac.za/~iburger/debian woody contrib

The local configuration file is: /etc/apt/sources.list.